Category: Photography and Models

When Did Photography Become An Art Form

Since the dawn of time, humanity has searched for ways to express the world around them in visual form. Sculptors like Praxiteles, Auguste Rodin, Michelangelo and the unknown artist who crafted the Venus de Milo have filled the art history books. Painters, such a Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet and Salvador Dali, have their works in hundreds of museums and on the walls of private collectors.

Although the question of whether photography is an art form is still half-heartedly debated by some, and has been since the 16th century, many photographers have joined the ranks of famous artists. Several photographs, framed or enlarged, black and white or color, now populate the walls and museums of the world. However, only in the past century or so has photography been recognized as any kind of art, much less fine art.

Originally, photography was the “unwanted stepchild” of the arts, a poor relation to drawing and painting. Because of the camera’s mechanical nature, say the detractors, it doesn’t require any real skill. The need for hand to eye coordination is minimal, the subject of the photograph comes “ready-made” and the photographer doesn’t need to be creative or imaginative. In short, a monkey could do it.

Considered an industrial art or a documentary device, the medium still caused much consternation amongst the artists of other mediums. Many were afraid that photography would cause the loss of livelihood. Others saw a disintegration of the arts, distorted by the photographic lens.

So what changed? The art world met Peter Henry Emerson. A photographer himself, Emerson believed that, if a photograph brought “aesthetic pleasure to the viewer”, it was art. No matter how it came into being. In 1889, he founded a fine-art photography movement, calling it “naturalistic” photography.

George Davison and Horsley Hinton, along with Emerson, wrote many pieces claiming that their chosen art was not just a method of documenting and recording. In addition to the common uses, they suggested, photographs could be pictorial in nature, selected for their appeal and beauty.

Around 1892, pictorial photography became accepted throughout the world, vindicating many who had argued for the medium to be included under “art”. That same year, Alfred Stieglitz begged photographers in America to bring art photography to the country. In 1897, America embraced the first pictorial exhibit in Philadelphia and has accepted as an art form ever since.

Once acceptance was garnered, photographers began cropping up everywhere. All you really needed was to own a camera and a good eye. For instance, the “father of photojournalism”, Alfred Eisenstaedt, started taking photos at the young age of 14. He sold his first photograph in 1927 and had never had any training – just a good eye and a camera. His unstaged photographs, taken in the spur of a moment, have delighted and amazed viewers since 1928.

Throughout his entire career, Eisenstaedt never put aside the “amateurish” sense of adventure. He never felt the need to overburden himself with unnecessary equipment, and carried out his photojournalistic assignments merely by catching events at the right time.

Ansel Adams, whose landscape photography graces many walls, calendars and book pages, is another example. Although he had trained to become a concert pianist, a trip to Yosemite National Park and a Kodak Brownie box camera began a new era for Adams. From 17 until his death in 1984, he dedicated his life, an extensive array of fine art photography and music to the beauty of nature and the need to preserve the natural world’s wonders and resources.

Whether art or science, one cannot look upon the works of Ansel Adams, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Anne Geddes, Dorothea Lange, Edward Curtis and many others without feeling at least a small sense of awe. If a picture truly says a thousand words, their voices will be heard for many years to come.

Portrait Photography Tips That Will Add Extra Style To Your Pictures

What are the factors that influence the outcome of a portrait and distinguish between ordinary and extraordinary? Don’t get me wrong, there absolutely nothing wrong with the classic and conventional portraits that follow the rules. There are amazing portraits, though, that just stand out above the rest.

Sometimes, the most stunning portraits are the ones that don’t conform to the traditional rules. With a few clever portrait photography tips, you can create photographs that rival those by the most talented artistic photographers.

The direction of your subject’s gaze can have dramatic effects on the portrait. Having your subject focus on something outside the view of the camera can create a very candid and intriguing photograph. You can create a story within the image by focusing your subject’s attention on something within the frame, such as another person or an object.

Candid shots look natural and can often be more flattering. Instead of having the subject pose, shoot them reacting normally to situations. Candid shots especially work well when photographing children. Black and white portrait photography is another method that adds elegance and drama to photographs while at the same time concealing minor imperfections like blemishes and skin discoloration.

Portrait Photography Tips to Conceal Subjects’ Imperfections

There are several tricks you can use to help correct issues with the subjects of your portraits. If the subject has a round or fat face, try posing them three-fourths to the camera, using short lighting, and slightly raising the camera angle. Pose models with thin faces facing the camera.

If your subject has deep lines or wrinkles, try using softer, frontal lighting. Sometimes scars and blemishes can be concealed by repositioning the subject to shadow the problem areas. When blinking is a problem, try to time your shots to right after the subject blinks. You can compensate for deep set eyes by directing light into the eyes.

A bigger nose can be obscured by posing nose straight into lens or raising the chin, whereas a small nose should be positioned at an angle to the camera. Multiple chins can be concealed by having the subject lean their head toward the camera and stretching their neck.

There are several portrait photography tips to stop the glare of eye glasses. You can shoot the photographs with empty frames, removing the glass element all together, position the glasses away from the light, or bounce the lights off of the ceiling instead of shining directly on the subject.

When your subject has different sized eyes, you can either create an evening effect by having them turn the largest eye away or shadow the smaller eye while the larger one is turned closer to the camera. By using a higher camera angle or a three-fourths pose, you can diminish the appearance of a subject’s square jaw.

These are only a few tips for portrait photography. There are countless other methods that are effective in both adding drama to your images and hiding imperfections. Have fun with your camera, experiment and perhaps you can come up with some portrait photography tips of your own.

How To Create 3d Models Using A Cnc Router

Companies are using CNC hot wire foam cutters to cut any 2D foam shapes that only requires flat surface. When there is a need to make a 3D shape, a CNC Router needs to be used. A CNC router will machine any 3D shape. It is a 3-axis machine, which means it moves in a 3D space diagonally and in curves, in motions that resemble milling or carving. The router can create 3D designs from numerous types of material, including:
EPS foam, urethane foam, aluminum, light wood, acrylics, plastics and polycarbonate, ABS. The machining process involves creating 3D model using 3D CAD software, then bringing this model into a 3D tool-path that will tell the router the shape size, the resolution, cutting directions, cutting depth, etc.

The shapes that can be created with a router are almost unlimited.
Applications & Industries:
* Automotive Full scale cars, boats, planes
* Aerospace UAVs models
* Architectural Any 3D architectural shapes
* Fine Art, sculptures, statues
* Marine Boats, ships models
* Museums 3D displays, faces, statues
* Navigation Topographic maps

If you have a 3D model you wish to design and it is either too large or too thick to be machined due to height or cutter length restrictions or the foam material not being thick enough, the shape can be sliced into sections. Each slice will be machined separately using the router and then the pieces can be glued together. The machined parts can then be sanded and coated with protective hard shell and painted, which will also take care of eliminating any visible grooves due to the gluing. Routers can also be used to create molds that can later be poured with concrete or polyurethane and other casting materials.

CNC routers range from a few inches of working area all the way up to 50 feet in length.
Every router uses a spindle it is the motor that is doing the actual cutting. Routers spindles range from 1HP (horse power) to 20HP and above, and they can hold end mills (the driller) from 1/16 all the way to 2 and above.
Different materials require different end mills and different cutting speeds. The denser the material the slower the cutting speed.

If you need to create a foam shape design that is large or even full scale you can use a small model, scan it using a 3D scanner then transport it into the CNC router for machining, using a specialty cutting software that generates the part file. Using the scanner enables you to convert any regular model to a live-size design. Any model can be scanned a face, a sculpture, a car toy, train, boat, plain and anything you need larger. You do not have to visualize and imagine how the 3D model will look like the scanner does it for you.

Utilizing A Food Photographer To Get The Shots You Need For Your Business

Because improvements in technology have made it so that just about everyone has use of a camera, it seems like many camera owners see themselves as photographers, but when you need professional work done, such as food photography, it’s a good idea to hire someone who is highly experienced in food photography. If you spend any amount of time online on social media sites, blogs or forums, you’ve probably seen many individuals post food photos for others to see. You may have even been compelled to share your own photos. There is a little bit of a vicarious pleasure to be gained from checking out photos of food. Thanks to cooking television channels and celebrity chefs, there are various people who are very interested in reading food reviews, reading cooking websites, thumbing through the best cooking magazines or collecting the newest and greatest cookbooks, and this means that there’s plenty of room for food photographers to make a place for themselves. As with any photography, there are many ways in which a photographer can make an image of food interesting, enticing and even entertaining.

Just like a photographer who concentrates on portrait photography uses different backgrounds, layouts and other ways to make their subject’s photo more interesting, someone who is very skilled in food photography does the same with food. A food’s appearance can transform quickly in minutes, depending on what type of food it is, and it’s essential that a food photographer knows how to take photos of the food while it looks best. In a number of cases, a photographer may need to employ a number of techniques to make the food remain looking good and fresh for longer than it generally does on its own so that great photos can be taken.

The goal of the photograph will often determine the type of image that you’ll want to have taken. To find a good food photographer that will meet your needs best, you will need to go through their photography portfolio to find out whether they take the type of photos that you need. If you are a restaurant owner, as an example, you will want full dishes to be shot. Let’s say you sell food that you grow, it is likely that you will need to have professional photographs of the food you grow in it’s natural form. A professional food photographer knows how to create food layouts that will best show off the food. If the photographer typically spends most of their hands-on time with their camera, in most instances they will have staff members that do the setting up for them.

Displaying food in interesting ways is what is known as the art of food styling. Food styling consists of placing foods on a plate in a way that the foods coordinate with their surroundings in the way of shapes, colors or textures. Additionally, it may incorporate knowing how to effectively set up the food in interesting and balanced ways. This can involve what type of plate is made use of, the size of the plate, and where the food is placed. The food might be presented against a background or on a cloth-covered table. Somebody who is highly skilled in this will know just what things will make the best impact in a photograph so that food will look its very best and as tempting as is possible.

Although it is not necessary, choosing a photographer who loves food can have its benefits. Food can engender significant amounts of passion in individuals. How often do you hear people fervently declaring how much they “love” a certain food, a certain dish or a particular restaurant? A photographer who is interested in the whole process of making great dishes and who is involved and interested in how the subject of the photograph they are going to take was created can bring an extra element of perception and passion to a project.

Enhancing Pictures With Photography Courses

What Will I Learn in Photography Courses?

There are a number of skills to learn when you embark on increasing your understanding of photography. The depths to which these courses go and the topics they cover vary depending on the program. However, many courses have some basic topics in common.

The basics of photography include a number of components, including film, speed, composition and lighting. These are the cornerstones of learning to shoot well-composed pictures. Companies offering photography courses may package these concepts in a class called Photography 101 or Photography Basics. A good course will focus first on the basic concepts of photography first, such as film and processor speeds, and move into the physical portion of taking photographs. One of the most important parts of learning photography is sticking to a specific concept or act until you master it. For example, if you select a camera speed, you should continue to shoot at that speed until you completely understand how it works.

Once you cover the basic concepts and actions of photography, you may move into the tools used by photographers. Such courses may cover tripod usage, film, lenses and flashes. Each of these tools is essential to creating better photographs. Intermediate courses may move into the composition, lighting and topics that emphasize advance focusing, f-stop and aperture. Other subjects may include portraiture, action photography and photo editing.

What Equipment Will I Need?

The type of equipment you choose relies heavily on what you want to accomplish and what makes you comfortable. Cameras can cost a substantial amount of money, along with the purchase of lenses, data communications tools, flashes and equipment. If you would like to learn film photography, you can use a single lens reflex, or SLR, camera. If you prefer the ease of sharing and transferring your photographs digitally, a digital single lens reflex, or DSLR, camera may be suitable. You can even learn photography using some of the more advance point-and-shoot systems, which cost less and do not require as much equipment.

The basic items you should obtain are the camera itself, any film you plan to use, and if applicable, a tripod, carrying case and at least one additional lens. This will provide you a solid starter kit that offers some flexibility in producing a range of photographs.

Wedding Photography Punjab Create Timeless Wedding Memories

India is a land of colors, different cultures, religions. Here every occasion is celebrated very passionately with full vibrancy and enthusiastically. Celebration like wedding in India is a dazzling event, filled with customs and festivity that carry on for several days. From part to the other part of India, the essence of marriages changes. In India is considered a subject of pride to give grand lavish wedding parties.

Especially the Punjabi wedding ceremonies are celebrated like a big carnival, exhibiting magnificent grandeur. Punjab is a colorful state of where believes to live their lifes king size. So the Punjabi weddings are an example of elaborate ceremony of customs and rituals. Many rituals like ladies sangeet, roka, and many more Hindu marriage ceremonies are a part of many day long this celebration.

So to capture every moment of such big grand event of lifetime one needs a perfect weeding photographer. Who captures every timeless moment of the wedding celebrations. Wedding photographers knows how to frame a shot, and made that into a timeless memory. Wedding Photography Punjab has a special style and capture Punjabis at their natural and best with candid and traditional shots in classical way.

It is important to capture all of the special and memorable moments that happened during the ceremonies so that everyone gets a chance to have a flashback and remember that unforgettable happiness. A wedding album is one of the most beautiful way to collect all the memories of this lifetime event the wedding an important day in everyones life. Some people like to have a video or a DVD recording made of all the ceremonies. But, a wedding album has its own value and charm, which has like a solid in time like feeling that will last for ever and ever. A weeding album is not only for the couples but for their childrens and grandchildren.

Having an expert wedding photographer ensures that he will capture these memorable, traditional shots framing it as a perfect moments. Pictures with a eternal quality are usually outspoken. The subjects usually are not even conscious of the shot and become a part of a perfect frame.

Wedding Photography Punjab is like an art where photographers have the skill to frame pictures without the need for special technology or special effects can give them a timeless quality. Digital Photography Punjab is a latest technology where person can take a lot of shots without having to reload and change the roll of film again and again. Wedding Photography offers you timeless memories and emotions that will last forever with you.

Texture Photography Basics

A photographic image is successful when it successfully grabs the attention of the viewers. Now, there are numerous ways to accomplish this. Eye-catching color is often used for this purpose. Leading curves can also be used. Other images rely on dramatic vistas. While these methods are very powerful, there is one method that many photographers overlook. That method is the utilization of texture.

The definition of texture photography is fairly simple. The definition of texture photography is really very simple. The images of texture photography derive at least part of their impact through the use of texture.

Texture will be defined as the surface detail of an object. This detail can be composed of surface irregularities (such as the wood grain of an old plank) or of small forms on a surface (such as a mass of roots from an ancient tree).

Types of Texture Photography

This article will cover three of the most common forms of texture photography — texture used to enhance detail, drama, or information.

Detail: With detail texture photography, the detail of an object’s surface is the most significant aspect of an image. In order to utilize this technique, the camera can be moved in for a close-up of the detail, or a portion of an image can be photographed (the portion with the best texture). An example of this type of texture image would be a close-up of the patterns found in old rock formations.

Drama: Drama texture photography is dependent on the texture to boost the drama of an image. Here, the texture is not necessarily the most significant aspect of an image. The texture is just one part of an image that helps to augment the impact of the photo.

A key point is that, generally, the contrast or color of the texture serves to capture the viewer’s attention. So, it is important to select a subject that has good color or contrast.

Images of canyons with layered rock formations offer one example of this type of texture photography.

The best light for bringing out the drama in texture is often side light. The side light casts shadows that emphasize the texture and, thus, the drama.

Information: The last form of texture photography to be dealt with in this article uses texture to communicate information. In this type of photography, the texture communicates information about an object that improves the impact of the photo. As an example, an image of a rusting, decades old vehicle rusting in the desert sun subtly alludes to the historical past of which the car was part.

For information texture images, it is essential to recognize exactly what information the texture is to communicate and compose the image in such a way that the texture brings out the proper message. The outcome will be a better image.

One final point is that the texture in an information texture image should help support the center of interest not overpower it.

Summary

The field of texture photography is much broader than what this brief write-up could cover. The more you learn about texture photography, the better your photographs become.

Professional Baby Photography – Best Ages For Infant Portraits

A baby’s first year is an important time to start documenting their life with professional photography. Even though the parents may be snapping away, a portrait professional can capture the baby in unique, artistic ways and produce professional archival prints that will last for generations. Understanding the importance of the task, many parents wonder when are the best months in the first year for professional infant photography. The following are some guidelines that identify what can be expected at the different stages of the baby’s first year or so.

Newborn – The first 5 to 10 days is the best time for newborn baby photography. During this time they are less fussy and their skin will be more clear. Baby acne usually sets in around day 16 and lasts for a couple of weeks, so having the session done before this will work in your favor. Newborn sessions often involve naked baby’s laying on soft blankets or in the family’s arms. Whether the baby is awake or asleep, these pictures should not be missed as they are an incredible way to begin documenting a person’s life.

2 to 3 months – This time is still considered newborn, but the babies are often much harder to work with at this age as they tend to be very fussy. They will have better head control than in the first month, and they usually can smile at this point, but do not count on getting a smiling portrait at this age. Most posing will involve the baby laying down on back or stomach, being propped up, and being held in arms.

4 to 5 months – The infant usually is a fairly good smiler at this point, and has gotten quite chubby. Most infants at this age cannot sit up yet, but they are far better at interacting with people and objects, and are much less fussy. This is a great age for capturing chubby legs and bare bottom shots.

6 to 7 months – Now the baby is able to sit up, and the options for posing are more numerous. Also, the baby is able to smile and laugh at this point and usually does not fear strangers. This is a wonderful age to start going outdoors for natural light baby photography. It is also a great time to include family pets and siblings in the session as the baby is able to sit but usually is not able to move around much – yet!

8 to 10 months – Often by this age, the infant is crawling and the sessions get very active! Consider a white background session in studio for a clean, classic look – but be ready to bring toys to distract the baby to stay in the area of light and continually reset the baby to the right spot. for very active babies a better choice for professional photography may be at the home if these is plenty of natural light so that the baby can roam and the photographer can follow.

11 to 14 months – Between these months, most babies are pulling up, “cruising” along furniture, standing and walking. Location sessions are ideal at this age when the baby is very determined to be mobile in their environment. During this time frame a one year portrait should be done to document the amazing development from birth to one. This should be a very playful session which includes family members as well.

OK – so what are the best ages for professional infant photography? As an experienced baby photographer, I would say all of the above are great for documenting the baby’s stages, but you can skip the 2 to 3 month session as they just tend to be so fussy. If you can only do three – make sure to do the newborn session (5 to 10 days), the 6 month session (sitting) and the One Year Portrait. When ordering your prints, make sure to get professional archival prints so that they will last for generations, and the grand children of this baby will have these pictures to treasure. This is the gift of professional photography.

When Choosing A Viewpoint You Will Need These Digital Photography Tips And Tricks

Everybody thinks that taking pictures or digital photography in general is easy but still alot of amateur photographers make mistakes on a regular basis. Hopefully the digital photography tips and tricks below will help you to avoid the simple mistakes made by others.

With amateur photographers there is a general mistake that they make by focusing solely on all of the technical aspects of digital photography, like megapixels, shutter speeds and len sizes.

To really understand and embrace the art of photography it is important to grasp the vital ingredients of great digital photography. Learning the real tricks of digital photography will help you capture images to be proud of.

Choosing the viewpoint of your shot carefully is a major starting point in good photography.

An understanding of how to choose a composition carefully and how that simple choice can enhance your picture will mean the difference between amateur photographs sitting on the computer at home or reaching a competitive standard of photography.

This article can serve as a guide for those starting out in digital photography and takes a look at the various tricks and tips associated with understanding the importance of your photographic viewpoint.

1. Make the choice by choosing the subject. This may seem like the easiest part of photography but as you progress you will aim to choose more and more challenging viewpoints. In order to be able to handle those challenges you will need to know and learn the basic tricks and tips associated with using and enhancing your viewpoints.

If you see something that intrigues you or strikes you as interesting then you are in your viewpoint zone. You must always remember to really pay attention to the composition of an image when choosing your viewpoint. Both aspects go hand-in-hand when trying to attain that great photo.

In order to choose a viewpoint when photographing people it is vital to understand how the position of the sun and shadowing can affect your shot. Something as simple as a subject wearing a peaked cap can affect the quality of your shot. There is no point in taking a great photograph with everything in place if your subjects eyes and expression cannot be seen due to the shadow of a hat.

2. Scale A sense of Scale can often be defined and highlighted by adding in people or animals to the photograph. Budding photographers can highlight the depth of a shot by including foreground subjects such as flowers or trees. This then shows the depth of larger subjects such as mountains and waterfalls in the background. By including an object of a commonly known size in a photograph it tips off the audience to the entire images scale and depth.

Once the photographer understands scale and how to manipulate it then the technical aspect of photography can come in to play. Your choice of lenses, at this stage, can help to convey scale by making subjects look taller than they are or making the subject shrink to size. Therefore adding and enhancing to your subjective learnings on Scale.

3. Perspective Understand the perspective of your composition is key, photographs can take on a different dynamic just by changing the angle of view. Taking a shot of a subject from above can entirely change the feel of the shot. It can make the subject more sinister, can make the audience feel more nurturing towards them, all depending on the drama you want to create in your shot. The choice of angle and perspective you choose will also affect how the lighting falls on the subject, again adding or taking away from the drama of the scene you are trying to create.

Advice On How To Brainstorm For Unique Photography Studio Names For Your New Business

A creative photography business requires a good name that can be obtained either through your own thoughts or other inspiring ideas.

Irrespective of whether the business is new or existing, there are various ways in which you can get some great names for your photography studio, some of which are provided below.

People often have this misleading notion that online business name generators do a great job in churning out suitable names. There is nothing to beat the human mind in doing a creative job, especially something like conjuring up unique names.

It has been found that seeking professional help in the matter of finding out a good name counts a lot these days. Instead of deciding on the best photography business name by themselves, business owners should definitely take the opinion of a variety of people who can provide better ideas.

A professional business name consultant could be out of the reach of a small photography business owner due to their prohibitive fees, but that need not deter you. Instead, you could take the help of a local marketing consultant who could advice you as per your budget.

Often, a name of a similar photography business may strike your mind as being attractive. You could take this as an inspiration and work on similar names to land up with a unique creation. You could also conduct an online search of similar business establishments too so as to get an idea about naming your company.

Initially, as you start devising names, you may come up on something which you may consider excellent and creative. But if you look into it further, you may find that this particular name has been used by many others prior to you.

You can also write down all the ideas and words which come into your head on paper and then start mixing and matching these words to come up with a unique combination. Given below are some ways in which you can come up with an excellent name.

Write down words which are linked to photography like ‘click’, ‘shutter’, ‘shoot’, etc. This could be the basis of selecting a good name for your business.

The words you use could also be related to the service you are providing and how it is unique from other similar businesses.

You could capitalize on the emotions of the customers by selecting words which appeal to their sentiments.

Names of local areas or landmarks could also be incorporated into your business name, especially if the service you offer is limited to that particular area. This is a unusual way in which you can catch the attention of the customer.

Sometimes, words totally unconnected to the business may sound appealing to customers. Examples like ‘ginger’ or ‘butterfly’ could be used to trigger an element of curiosity in people who may take a fancy to the particular name. You could think of many such random words.

If you keep an open mind, you will find that many things that are seen around you may inspire you in creating a unique name, thus getting your photography business to start on a high note.

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